Pomeranians are known to have existed around the eighteenth century in Germany. They resemble the much larger sled-pulling Spitz type dogs from the Arctic Circle, which they are said to have descended from. The Pomeranian was first introduced to Britain in the 19th century weighting around 30 lbs. After several appeals from different Pomeranian clubs, the breed Standard was reduced to 7lbs. It is said that Queen Victoria was much taken with the breed and had a number of the larger variety in her kennels.

Our Price:  Registered:  $250; Non-Registered:  $200

Height:  8 – 11 inches

Weight:  3 – 7 lbs.

Colors: All colors, but free from black or white shadings; whole colors are white, black, brown, light or dark blue.

Coat:  Long, straight and harsh with a soft, fluffy undercoat.

Temperament:  Pomeranians are friendly, active, lively

With Children: They may not tolerate young children. With Pets:  Yes Special Skills:  Companion and pet. Watch-dog:  Very High Guard-dog:  Very Low

Care and Training:  Daily brushing of the long double coat is needed to prevent matting. Monthly bathing is recommended. Pomeranians shed once or twice a year. Clean eyes, ears and teeth regularly. Pomeranians do not need a large amount of exercise. Indoors at home or a romp in the park will suffice.

Learning Rate:  High, Obedience – Very Low, Problem Solving – High

Activity:  Indoor – Very High, Outdoor – Medium

Living Environment:  Apartment or house, city or country, Pomeranians thrive in a busy family atmosphere and love to be pampered. Makes an excellent companion for the elderly.

Health Issues:  Patella luxation, cesarean sections are possible if the female is small, will lose teeth if not well cared for.

Life Span: 15 Years Litter Size:  1 – 3

Country of Origin: Germany

First Registered by the AKC: 1887

AKC Group: Toy

Class: Toy

Registries: AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 5), KC (GB), UKC

Breed’s Grooming Demand Rating:  Moderately High

Recommended Interval for Professional Grooming:  3 to 6

Recommended Interval for Maintenance Grooming:  Three Times a Week Minimum

If the dog gets wet or damp, the affected areas should be brushed, combed and dried as soon as possible in order to prevent tangles and matts which begin to form upon exposure to moisture. Owners not skilled in brushing and combing both the under coat and outer coat should seek training from their breeder or groomer. They tend to brush and comb only the outer coat, leaving the under coat subject to potential matting problems. Moderate to severe matting can cause discomfort for the dog and poor skin health. Very severe matting may require the hair coat to be removed by clippers and appropriate blades in the hands of a grooming professional when the de-matting process overly risks the comfort, safety and health of the dog. The solution is to prevent matts in the first place with regular maintenance grooming.

Protein-enriched shampoos followed by cream rinses can add to the luster of the Pomeranian coat as well as reduce static electricity. Ask grooming suppliers for recommended products.

Pomeranians should always be hand-fluffed and blow dried. Follow-up with a comb out session after dry.

Coat Care Regular brushing and combing at least three times a week is essential in order to remove substantial wooly hair shed from the dense undercoat. The outer coat is long, straight and rougher than the undercoat. The density of the hair coat can be misleading to novice groomers or owners of this breed; it is dense and easily matts. Grooming the heavily matted Pomeranian is burdensome for the dog, and pet owners should take their grooming responsibilities seriously.

Hair shed not removed from the undercoat as well as any in the outer coat easily invites tangling and matting with time, and whenever the dog gets wet, even damp. Remove the hair shed from the under coat before bathing with a thorough brush and comb out. Wetting the wooly undercoat causes matting and tangling effects to increase almost immediately. Experienced groomers may choose to remove some of the last under coat hair shed after bathing, and after adding a conditioner to make final under coat removal easier.

We prefer to hand fluff-dry this breed with a professional force dryer on a moderate temperature setting. Nice!

Nail Care Nails should be clipped and lightly filed every 3 to 4 weeks. We recommend dog owners use the services of a professional for nail clipping. Owners intent on cutting nails, and inexperienced in nail clipping techniques and safety, should ask for professional training before cutting their pet’s nails. Always use proper tools in good condition. In addition, do not cut dog nails if you do not have a supply of nail treatment powder that stops accidental bleeding. You may cut the “quick” blood vessel which can be found in all dog nails. New dog owners are often unaware of the blood vessels in dog nails, and surprised to learn of them. Why not let a professional cut your pet’s nails?

Ear Care Professional groomers should check ears on every dog they groom. As needed they remove ear wax, dirt and dander from the ear leather. Most remove unwanted hair from the outer portion of the ear canal and not down in the ear canal; territory that should be left to veterinary care only. Most important, both groomer and pet owner must inspect pet ears for warning signs of ear problems, some of which can become quite serious. The most telltale signs of ear problems are redness, swelling, sensitivity to touch and odors, sometimes very foul. Pet owners should check their dogs’ ears once a week for these warning signs and seek immediate veterinary inspection and care as needed. Groomers should inform pet owners of all potential ear problem observations they make and advise immediate veterinary inspection.

Styling Requirements:  Low “Styling” refers to artistic grooming of hair coats from nose to tail requiring the use of scissors, thinning shears, shedding blades, clippers, various blades and attachments, and other tools of the trade.

Show Grooming Show grooming requires the expertise of professional groomer, often a show handler as well. Professional groomers with the ability to provide show grooming may be certified, but it is not required. Owners of this breed should inquire with professional groomers they are considering for show grooming their dogs as to the level of their expertise and experience with this breed. Further, owners should discuss their desires for the appearance of their dogs, maintenance grooming needs for which they are responsible, and be aware that if they are not showing their dogs they may reasonably have no need or special desire for more sophisticated and expensive show grooming.

Special Care Advisory Puppies of any breed require special care. Most professional groomers will book special appointments for puppies so that they can be groomed and returned home as soon as possible. Also, not all grooming products are appropriate for use on puppies, and owners and groomers alike should read all instruction and warning labels on any product for its appropriate and safe use on puppies. Puppy hair coat is often different than their adult coat, and for that reason may be groomed differently. We recommend professional grooming for puppies.

Feeding is one of the most important areas in a Pomeranian’s development; it begins very early when the puppy is weaned and continues throughout its life. The food that a dog is given plays an important role in its muscle and bone development. When purchasing a puppy, it is important to find out from the previous owner what type of food the puppy was eating; any sudden changes in diet can cause digestive problems. If you wish to change its food to another well-balanced diet, do so gradually. Begin by mixing small portions of the new food with the one being replaced, until it is completely switched over. Remember to do this gradually, over a period of seven to ten days.

The amount of food that a dog eats and the number of times per day that a dog is fed changes as it matures. As a puppy, it should be fed small portions frequently. While it is young, the puppy’s activity level is high and you will want to be sure that it is eating enough to develop properly and steadily gain weight. Basically, a Pomeranian should be fed four times a day until it reaches three months of age. Between the ages of three to six months, give the puppy three meals a day, the portions being slightly larger than before. After six months, there should be two meals a day; and at one year of age, there should be only one meal. You could also feed your dog some dry biscuits in the morning and evening if it is having only one meal per day.

Once the Pomeranian becomes an adult, it’s important to keep in mind that it does not need to be given as much food; obesity can be a problem if not monitored closely. When your dog is a year old, you may decide to feed it in the evenings when your family has its meal. The dog’s meal can also be divided into two smaller portions, one given in the morning and one at night. Never over-feed your dog; since it will not turn down food, it’s up to you to monitor its eating habits and provide a reasonable amount. Remember to keep a bowl of fresh clean water near your dog’s food bowl at all times.

In order to develop good eating habits, allow your dog its own dining area. Feeding times should be at the same time and in the same place everyday. Your dog’s food and water should be served at room temperature so that the food is neither too hot nor too cold. Snack foods such as cake, chocolate, and other junk foods are not for dogs and should never be given to them. Other unhealthy foods include spicy, fried, starchy or fatty foods. Chicken, pork, and fish bones can also be very dangerous to a dog if eaten since they can cause intestinal damage and tear the stomach lining.

There are many good commercial foods on the market that are nutritionally complete for your Pomeranian. Most of them contain the ingredients listed on the packages. Remember that providing a variety of meats and cereal grains is very important in maintaining a balanced diet for your pet. Your dog should get the daily requirements of protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water from its diet to develop properly. You may need to make some dietary changes depending on your dog’s age, growth, and activity level; your veterinarian can assist you in making these adjustments, if necessary. If your Pomeranian becomes pregnant or sick, the nutritional needs will change. Consult with your veterinarian to make the proper dietary adjustments; vitamin and mineral supplements can also be given.

There are a variety of feeding dishes to choose from hard plastic, stainless steel, and earthenware dishes, available in many shapes and sizes. Choose one that is large enough to hold each meal, but will not tip over or spill as your dog eats. It is very important to keep your dog’s feeding and watering dishes clean on a daily basis. Once the dog has finished it meal, throw away any uneaten food and clean the dishes. They should be washed using hot water and soap, and then rinsed and dried.